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Bartolius Law Office specializes in complex, unique cases that were rejected by colleagues and those that were lost in lower instances and needed to be reviewed by the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. The Law Office repeatedly represented the interests of principals in the highest court in the system of commercial courts (Presidium of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation before the reform of 2014, Judicial Collegium for Economic Disputes of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation (SCES VS) after the reform of 2014). In total, from the moment of its creation Bartolius Law Office represented the interests of principals in the highest court in more than twenty cases.
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Institute of Human stem cells

Case №

305-ЭС19- 26346

in the Supreme Court

In the Supreme Court the Law Office represented the interests of the copyright holder, who had previously won the case against the violator of his rights, but, contrary to common sense, remained in debt before him in the form of legal expenses. The Supreme Court resolved the dispute in favor of the copyright holder in contradiction, as it might seem, with the letter of the law, but in accordance with common sense. The Institute sued for violation of its trademark rights in the amount of 5 million rubles. The courts ultimately upheld the lawsuit, but only partially - in the amount of 100 thousand rubles (2% of the amount in controversy). Since in the event the claim is partially satisfied, the legal costs are attributed to the parties in proportion to the amount of the claims satisfied, the courts collected 98% of the defendant's legal costs from the Institute: about 400 thousand rubles. As a result, the situation was paradoxical: despite winning the case on the merits, the plaintiff turned out to be the defendant, and not vice versa! The Supreme Court overturned the acts of lower courts, citing a violation of the balance of constitutional interests of the parties and the principle of good faith. The case was sent for reconsideration in the light of these considerations.

All projectsStem cells
2020
ACTIVITY LLC

Case №

305-ЭС16-20931 (19)

in the Supreme Court

Bartolius Law Office specialists represented the creditor in the bankruptcy case of Holding Company Glavmosstroy JSC. A composition agreement was concluded, which the creditor considered economically ineffective and deliberately impracticable. According to the creditor, it was concluded by the forces of affiliated creditors solely for dragging the case and in order to shed liability of controlling persons. The Law Office managed to have the agreement abrogated in the first cassation, and the judge of the Supreme Court refused to remand the case for retrial. However, according to the debtor’s appeal, the Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Court evoked the case and still remanded it. The Deputy Chairman in his ruling expressed the opinion that the cassation in general cannot analyze the agreement for effectiveness, as this would be a “reassessment of the actual circumstances”. Law Office specialists were able to ensure that this dangerous wording was not included in the final ruling of the Supreme Court. As a result, the Supreme Court canceled both the decision of first cassation and the decision of the court of first instance, which approved the settlement agreement. The Supreme Court referred to the fact that the parties had already concluded a new agreement, and therefore there is no need to approve the old one. Thus, although the debtor's appeal was formally satisfied, in essence, the court found in favor of an independent creditor (abrogation of the disputed composition).

ActivityAgreement
2019
Pirron LLC

Case No.

305-ЭС18-17629 (2)

in the Supreme Court

On a cassation appeal prepared by the Law Office, the Supreme Court examined a separate dispute in the framework of the bankruptcy case of Eurofinance LLC. That dispute was initiated at the request of Astoria LLC. The company requested that its claim be included in the register of creditors’ claims of the debtor. In the framework of this case, Bartolius also managed to convince the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation that the creditor and the debtor were affiliated though there was no formal connection. The peculiarity of this case in comparison with the first and other similar cases that the Supreme Court considered was that for the first time, for the purpose of considering the inclusion of claim in the register of claims, the execution of a guarantee agreement was deemed mala fide, and not the agreement itself in the presence of a valid debt. The Supreme Court upheld the position that, while having the opportunity to choose the method of repaying the real debt, the controlling person chose the option of repayment on behalf of the associated guarantor in order to further include controlled debt in the register of debts. Such behavior was considered inadmissible.

All projectsPirron
2019
In the interest of the partners of the Law Office

Case No.

308-ЭС18-25635

in the Supreme Court

Representation of interests of creditors in a bankruptcy case in compliance with the venue jurisdiction. The debtor artificially changed the venue of the bankruptcy case by changing the registration address and terminating the status of an individual entrepreneur before applying for bankruptcy. Bartolius`s lawyers  repressed this abuse of right. The decision of the Supreme Court became one of those forming the case law on the issue of combating procedural abuse in the form of a change in the territorial jurisdiction of a dispute in anticipation of the initiation of bankruptcy proceedings. This phenomenon is known as forum shopping.

All projectsForum shopping
2019
Pirron LLC

Case No. 305-ЭС18-17629

in the Supreme Court

On a cassation appeal prepared by the Law Office, the Supreme Court examined a separate dispute, where Rubikon LLC sought to include its claim in the register of claims of Eurofinance LLC. Bartolius managed to convince the Supreme Court that the creditor and the debtor were affiliated though there was no formal connection, and that the claim was filed with the malicious purpose – to obtain control in bankruptcy case to the detriment of the interests of independent creditors. The case was forwarded to the retrial with the motivation beneficial to the client. This allows for counting on the refusal to include the claim of this creditor in the register and the subsequent majority status of the principal.

Pirron
2019
MOEK LLC PJSC

Case No. 305-ЭС17-11710

No. 305-ЭС17-11710 (2)

These are similar processes within the framework of a single project. The Law Office represented the interests of the creditor in the bankruptcy case when it was necessary to challenge the offsets between a bankrupt company and an affiliate. The Supreme Court considered issues regarding the application of the limitation period and the possibility of challenging a offset of liabilities on the grounds provided for by the Bankruptcy Law. Based on the results of the consideration of cassation complaints prepared by Bartolius, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation upheld the decisions of the first instance court which recognized transactions invalid, while determining the beginning of the statute of limitations for challenging transactions by the bankruptcy administrator.

All projectsMOEK
2017
Fund “Gift of Life“ (“Podari Zhizn”)

Case No. 53-КГ17-12

in the Supreme Court

The most important case for Russian charities, that has formed a precedent. The courts of the first instance and appeal dismissed the case of the “Gift Of Life“ prohibiting the Krasnoyarsk clone fund (with the same name) from using the name “Gift of Life” (“Podari Zhizn”). This entailed the deception of benefactors and the creation of new clones of the Fund in other regions. The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation has formed the legal position necessary for the caselaw that the name of a non-profit organization is subject to judicial protection from the actions of mala fide persons.

All projectsGift Of Life
2017
Aristocrat LLC

Case No. 305-ЭС17-7826

in the Supreme Court 

The dispute concerned recovery of an investment contribution, default Law Office charge, interest and the specific performance by the producer. The bureau represented the interests of the client, including in the Supreme Court, which, while resolving the dispute, came to the conclusions that were essential for the case law. These findings relate to the principle of freedom of contract and rules for the interpretation of its terms. Of particular importance is the question of legal nature of the investment contract for making the film: whether it is a joint activity agreement, a futures contract or another unnamed contract. Lawyers of the Law Office managed to achieve the desired result for the client. The challenged judicial acts were canceled, the amount of the investment contribution and penalties were recovered in favor of the client.

All projectsAristocrat
2017
Т Plus PJSC

Case No. 305-КГ15-1236

in the Supreme Court

Law Office client was blamed for abuse of dominant position on energy market. The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, based on the results of the consideration of complaints prepared by the Bartolius lawyers, noted that courts infringed evidentiary rules and rules of evaluation of evidence. In particular, the court of cassation did not take into account that the possibility of proving concerted actions through their result in the absence of documentary evidence of an agreement to commit  to them, concerns only concerted actions, and not agreements per se.

All projectsТ Plus
2015
PJSC MMC “Norilsk Nickel”

Case No. 305-ЭС15-4441

in the Supreme Court 

The Law Office represented the interests of the beneficiary, who was denied payment banker guarantee. After two rounds of consideration the Supreme Court upheld the ruling in favour for the Law Office client and confirmed the independence of the guarantee payment from the circumstances of the fulfillment of the main obligation, including in the context of arguments about the abuse by the beneficiary of the right to present the corresponding claim.

All projectsNorNickel
2015
PPF Group

The case in the Supreme

Arbitration Court

No. 16803/11

This is a case on repealing a court order about holding a person liable. Law Office`s clients, owning 38.459% shares in Ingosstrakh IJSC, applied to the company with a request to provide the documents required by the law on joint-stock companies, including a copy of the employment contract with the general director. Ingosstrakh IJSC refused to provide them. For this reason, minority shareholders applied to the Federal Service for Financial Markets (FSFM) with a claim to hold the company liable for administrative offence. FSFM satisfied the claim. The issuer was held administratively liable. Ingosstrakh IJSC appealed against the decision. The Moscow City Commercial Court repealed the decision of Federal Service for Financial Markets, the appeal, cassation instances cassation instanses upheld the ruling. The Presidium of the Supreme Commercial Court of the Russian Federation found for the client of the Law Office, repealed the decisions of lower courts, deciding that failure to submit an employment contract significantly violates the interests of shareholders and constitutes an administrative offense. The contested judicial acts shall be repealed as violating the uniformity in the interpretation and application of the rules of law by the commercial courts.

All projectsPPF Group
2012
PPF Group

The case in the Supreme

Arbitration Court 

No. 67/10

Challenging the decision of the extraordinary general meeting of Ingosstrakh IJSC. Clients of the Law Office, who owned a 38.459% of shares in Ingosstrakh IJSC, challenged a number of clauses of the Regulation on the Board of Directors of the issuer adopted at an extraordinary meeting of the company. The Moscow City Commercial Court upheld the claim of the Law Office's Clients, the decision of the first instance was upheld in the appeal and cassation. Opponents - Ingosstrakh IJSC - have filed a claim with the Supreme Commercial Court of the Russian Federation challenging decisions of lower instances. The Presidium of the Supreme Commercial Court considered that the clauses of the Regulation disputed by the plaintiff violate the rights of minority shareholders. The supervisory appeal of Ingosstrakh IJSC was dismissed.

All projectsPPF Group
2010
Milange LLC

The case in the Supreme

Arbitration Court

No. 13611/09

On enforcement to issue bank statements. Milange LLC (client of the Law Office) and  M2M Private Bank LLC entered into an agreement on the opening and operation of a bank account, according to which the bank was obliged to provide account statements to the client. However, from a certain date, the bank stopped providing account statements to the client, referring to the fact that from the date of termination of the bank account agreement, the client loses the right to receive bank statements for the period prior to the termination date. Milange LLC filed a lawsuit. The courts of first instance, appeal and cassation did not satisfy the claims of the client. The court of first instance referred to the termination of the bank account agreement by order of the client, considering that the absence of a valid contract does not give the client the right to demand performance of obligations under the contract. The Presidium of the Supreme Commercial Court of the Russian Federation established that the trial court did not take into account the client’s right to demand fulfillment of obligations for the term of the contract. In addition, the courts of lower instances violated the provisions of the procedural law. Namely, the courts ignored the statement of Milange LLC about falsification of the client’s order to close the account. Based on the results of the consideration of the case, the Supreme Commercial Court ruled that the findings of the lower courts do not correspond to the established circumstances and violate uniformity in the interpretation of the rules of law. The Supreme Court ordered a retrial. At a new consideration, the court satisfied the plaintiff's claims in full.

All projectsMilange
2009
Trading House of the South Mining and Chemical Company LLC

The case in the Supreme

Arbitration Court

No. 18118/07

On recovery of expenses for legal services. The principal of the Law Office, Trading House of the South Mining and Chemical Company LLC, sought to recover legal costs from the tax authority in the case on refusal to apply the 0% VAT rate and other tax violations that allegedly occurred. The tax authority unequivocally challenged the claimed amount of compensation, the principal insisted on the full compensation of expenses for legal services. Lower courts, in the absence of evidence of excessive costs, reduced the amount claimed. The litigation reached to the Supreme Commercial Court of the Russian Federation, which satisfied the claims of the principal, recognizing that the rulings of the courts below violate the uniformity in the interpretation and application of the rules of law by commercial courts and indicating that the courts have no right to reduce the costs incurred in the absence of evidence.

All projectsTrading House of the South Mining and Chemical Company
2008
Martol LLC

The case in the Supreme

Arbitration Court

No. 11781/06

Contesting the claims of the Federal Tax Service. The client contested the decision made after field tax audit. According to this decision, Martol LLC was prosecuted for allegedly unreasonable application of the 0% tax rate on value added tax when selling exported goods. The court of the first and appeal instances found for the client, obliging the Federal Tax Service to reimburse the company for VAT. This court decision was enforced, the specified amount of tax was refunded to the client. However, later the inspection appealed to the Moscow City Commercial Court for review of the decision due to newly discovered circumstances. Subsequent decisions in appeal and cassation were ruled in favor of the tax service. The case was forwarded to the Supreme Commercial Court of the Russian Federation, which established that the arguments referred to by the inspectorate as newly discovered circumstances are not significant for deciding whether the tax rate of 0% VAT and tax deductions for exporting goods are justified. The Supreme Commercial Court of the Russian Federation decided to refuse to satisfy the claims of the tax service.

All projectsMartol
2006
Okamet LLC

The case in the Supreme 

Arbitration Court 

No. 7826/99

The case of the obligation to return aluminum scrap. Metallurgical Technologies LLC and Okamet LLC entered into an agreement on the processing of aluminum raw materials into products and alloys. Pursuant to the contract, the contractor (client of the Law Office) undertook to return products to the customer after processing. The specification of the contract stipulated that the customer provides aluminum scrap of the appropriate groups and in the appropriate amount for processing, from which, when remelted, the contractor undertakes to receive the agreed quantity of products in accordance with government standard. However, the customer violated the terms of the specification, and as a result the contractor was unable to obtain the required amount of alloy. The courts of the first and appellate instances ruled in favor of an opponent of the Law Office. The The Presidium of the Supreme Commercial Court came to the conclusion that the courts did not consider the question of whether the defendant had the opportunity to fulfill the obligations and did not see any signs of unjust enrichment in the actions of the client of the Law Office, and therefore the case was sent to the first instance for a new trial.

All projectsOkamet
1999
Prolog CJSC

The case in the Supreme

Arbitration Court 

No. 4518/97

The Law Office represented the interests of the principal in the case on the recovery of more than 20 billion rubles (about $4 mln). This is the sum of a promissory note of Metallurgical Plant named after A.K. Serov OJSC. Opponents filed a counterclaim to hold the transaction for the issuance of the indicated note invalid due to a violation of the rules of currency legislation. The court satisfied the claim of the Law Office. The Court of Appeal declared the promissory note transaction invalid due to its nullity. The nullity was based on violation of currency legislation rules, since the amount of the note was denominated in foreign currency, and the drawer did not have special permission for currency transactions. The Presidium of the Supreme Commercial Court rendered in favor of the client, stating that although the note was issued in foreign currency, its amount, according to the bill legislation, was payable in rubles, and since the bill itself did not indicate a payment in foreign currency, there was no violation of currency legislation.

All projectsProlog
1997

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